? 能源化学(英文)
ISSN 1003-9953
     
能源化学(英文) 2017, Vol. 26 Issue (1) :81-86    DOI: 10.1016/j.jechem.2016.11.020
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Melamine modified carbon felts anode with enhanced electrogenesis capacity toward microbial fuel cells
Yang'en Xiea, Zhaokun Maa, Huaihe Songa, Zachary A. Stollb, Pei Xub
a State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Process and Technology for Materials, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China;
b Department of Civil Engineering, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, USA
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摘要 Surface electropositivity and low internal resistance are important factors to improve the anode performance in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Nitrogen doping is an effective way for the modification of traditional carbon materials. In this work, heat treatment and melamine were used to modify carbon felts to enhance electrogenesis capacity of MFCs. The modified carbon felts were characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscope (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and malvern zeta potentiometer. Results show that the maximum power densities under heat treatment increase from 276.1 to 423.4 mW/m2 (700℃) and 461.5 mW/m2 (1200℃) and further increase to 472.5 mW/m2 (700℃) and 515.4 mW/m2 (1200℃) with the co-carbonization modification of melamine. The heat treatment reduces the material resistivity, improves the zeta potential which is beneficial to microbial adsorption and electron transfer. The addition of melamine leads to the higher content of surface pyridinic and quaternary nitrogen and higher zeta potential. It is related to higher MFCs performance. Generally, the melamine modification at high temperature increases the feasibility of carbon felt as MFCs's anode materials.
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关键词Microbial fuel cells   Anode materials   Carbon felts   Modification   Melamine     
收稿日期: 2016-09-06; 发布日期: 2016-12-07
通讯作者 Zhaokun Ma     Email: mazk@mail.buct.edu.cn
引用本文:   
.Melamine modified carbon felts anode with enhanced electrogenesis capacity toward microbial fuel cells[J]  能源化学(英文) , 2017,V26(1): 81-86
.Melamine modified carbon felts anode with enhanced electrogenesis capacity toward microbial fuel cells[J]  Journal of Energy Chemistry, 2017,V26(1): 81-86
链接本文:  
http://www.jenergchem.org/CN/10.1016/j.jechem.2016.11.020     或     http://www.jenergchem.org/CN/Y2017/V26/I1/81
 
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