|Abstract The catalyst screening tests for carbon dioxide oxidative coupling of methane (CO2-OCM)
have been investigated over ternary and binary metal oxide catalysts. The catalysts are prepared by doping
MgO- and CeO2-based solids with oxides from alkali (Li2O), alkaline earth (CaO), and transition metal
groups (WO3 or MnO). The presence of the peroxide (O22-) active sites on the Li2O2, revealed by Raman
spectroscopy, may be the key factor in the enhanced performance of some of the Li2O/MgO catalysts.
The high reducibility of the CeO2 catalyst, an important factor in the CO2-OCM catalyst activity, may
be enhanced by the presence of manganese oxide species. The manganese oxide species increases oxygen
mobility and oxygen vacancies in the CeO2 catalyst. Raman and Fourier Transform Infra Red (FT-IR)
spectroscopies revealed the presence of lattice vibrations of metal-oxygen bondings and active sites in which
the peaks corresponding to the bulk crystalline structures of Li2O, CaO, WO3 and MnO are detected. The
performance of 5%MnO/15%CaO/CeO2 catalyst is the most potential among the CeO2-based catalysts,
although lower than the 2%Li2O/MgO catalyst. The 2%Li2O/MgO catalyst showed the most promising
C2+ hydrocarbons selectivity and yield at 98.0% and 5.7%, respectively.